The COVID-19 virus has a large impact on all partners of M2i, but despite the cirsis M2i is currently preparing initiatives on a range of different materials-related subjects.

Industry has been hit hard by an economic downturn; universities have been closed, but at the same time are revolutionizing towards a virtual education system; government institutions are frantically preparing and adjusting for an insecure socially distant society. Obviously, activities of M2i are impacted as well. Early 2020 we were preparing projects and programs for a number of calls that were to be opened just before and after summer. Mostly, these calls have been postponed. However, M2i’s core mission remains: To support both industry and society in finding solutions for materials-related questions in product development and production processes. We are currently preparing initiatives on a range of different materials-related subjects. When calls open we will be ready to submit a number exciting proposals. Interested partners are invited to contact us with their ideas, and more specifically on the following subjects.

Circular circuits: designing electronic systems towards refurbish and repair
Globally the use of electronic devices is growing fast. In particular, the consumer electronics sector is creating the world’s fastest growing stream of e-waste. Closing the material loops for e-waste means minimizing materials use, extension of service life, reuse and refurbishment of products, recycling and waste prevention. M2i is working together with TU Delft, TNO and Signify to organize a large consortium, along the entire chain, to realize technological, social and economic impact in making electronic circuits circular. The initiative is open for parties that play a role in electronic design, academia that investigate circularity, institutes that act in repair and refurbish and SME’s that challenge established supply chains.
For further questions, please contact M2i program manager Harald Kerp, phone: 06-2505 7505.

Additive manufacturing of multi materials
The COVID-19 pandemic has had a lot of impact in recent weeks and has brought a number of things to the attention. For example, Additive Manufacturing (AM), or 3D Printing, suddenly became a valuable technology for making mouth masks and respiratory equipment. Most of those AM products are, however, single material products. We believe that the potential of this disruptive technology is much greater than this – it allows for functional integration during manufacturing in a cost and time effective manner. Integration of functionality with a 3D printer can be done through designing the microstructure of material locally in a single material, inserting pre-made components mid-print in a print-pause-print approach and through the precise spatial deposition of different materials with a multi material printer. To bring the AM technology to a new level by introducing functionality in a product during manufacturing and recognizing the needs of our industrial partners, M2i is looking for the possibility to set up a large scale program on AM of multi materials. For more details, please contact Viktoria Savran, phone 06-5168 4303.

Enabling Integrated Lightweight Structures In High Volumes (ENLIGHTEN) – An initiative for a NWO Perspectief Project
The Dutch universities (TUD, TU/e and UT) and M2i are preparing a proposal for a NWO Perspectief project on the application of Thermoplastic Composites, involving industrial partners from the aerospace and automotive industrial value chains. Thermoplastic Composites (TPCs)  are on the verge of unprecedented growth in structural applications in the aerospace sector, which is likely to be followed by high volume automotive applications. While the manufacturing of individual parts is at a proper level of maturity, the integration and assembly of these parts is far less well developed. The aim of this project is to establish the scientific principles for advanced assembly and integration manufacturing methods of TPCs at an industrial scale. Accurate process and performance models will be developed for consolidation and joining processes. The models will be applied to realize well controlled and monitored manufacturing processes, thus preventing rejections and enabling reliable and predictable structural performance. Interested industries are still welcome to join this initiative.
Contact for more information, please contact Bert van Haastrecht,phone 06-5729 1390.

Reliable and Sustainable Macro Steel Infra-Structures in 2030: Towards 50 % lower primary steel consumption and 50 % lower CO2 emission in our 2030 infrastructure
Our society depends heavily on the availability of complex and expensive macro steel structures, e.g. for transportation, energy supply, industrial production, communication, defence, etc. This initiative aims at improving the sustainability of aging steel structures by developing advanced structural health monitoring and data handling techniques. As a result, the lifetime of steel structures can be extended and components reused once their safety is guaranteed and circular business models are available. M2i is working together with, among others, TU Eindhoven, TU Delft, Leiden University and TNO to organize a large cross-disciplinary consortium to realize the above mentioned goals. The initiative is open for all parties that are interested to contribute.
For further questions, please contact M2i program manager Harald Kerp, phone: 06-2505 7505.

Hythane Slush merging hydrogen and Liquified Natural Gas into an eco-transition fuel for transport applications.
One of the bottlenecks for large scale implementation of hydrogen as a fuel is the relatively low energy density of hydrogen gas. This problem plays especially in transport applications, where storing large volumes of gas is not economical. One has to liquefy the fuel. Hydrogen would need to be stored under extremely high pressures (700-800 bar) and/or extremely low temperature (-253oC). In this initiative we pursue a fuel consisting of a mixture of hydrogen with solid methane, in which significant portions of hydrogen can be incorporated. The methane, which is the principal constituent of LNG, solidifies at -182 oC, while liquid LNG is currently stored at -162 oC. M2i is working together with TU Eindhoven, TNO, and Hanzehogeschool to investigate phase diagrams, properties, production, combustion technology and safety of this novel fuel. The initiative is open for all parties that are interested to contribute. We explicitly aim for fuels for transport: Maritime, Aviation, Automotive.
For further questions, please contact M2i program manager Jan Dirk Kamminga, phone 06-2279 6102.

Materials for Geothermal energy: durable geothermal wells.
In a well for geothermal energy, warm water is pumped up from a depth of 2 to 4 km. This water is acidic, attacking any heating system, and can therefore not immediately be used for heating. Instead, the water is transported through a heat exchanger and is subsequently pumped back into the ground, using a second well several km further on. Geothermal energy is especially suitable for applications with a relatively constant heat demand. In the Netherlands, most of the pilot initiatives are therefore in operation to heat greenhouses. This initiative will investigate what measures can be taken to protect the pipe from corrosive attack of the acidic water. We will also look into the drilling technology to be used. Relatively cheap drilling technologies, which are cheap but not sufficiently fire-safe for drilling of gas wells, may reduce the investment cost for drilling a km deep hole significantly. M2i is exploring this opportunity with TU Delft and Shell.
For further questions, please contact M2i program manager Jan Dirk Kamminga, phone 06-2279 6102.

Saving by heat recovery: recapturing and reuse of heat-waste
Energy saving by waste heat recovery is a logical step forward towards reduction of our energy footprint. Technologies have been available for a long time, but are not as often utilized as one would wish, because of two societal bottlenecks: (1) Winning useful energy back from waste heat asks for a relatively high investment as compared to the limited gain: a limitation which in part is due to physical constraints as given by the second law of thermodynamics. Therefore in many cases the economic business case is rather weak; (2) Even if economically viable, energy saving measures are often not utilized because of their relatively low ‘visibility’. For example: heat reflective windshields have a particularly strong business case, in view of decreased air-conditioning demand (= lower fuel consumption) and increased driver comfort. Still, because these benefits are somehow not appreciated, these windshields have not found the market share they deserve. The present program is aimed at energy saving by heat recovery techniques. Currently, this is a highly relevant subject in view of the stringent limitations on CO2 exhaust that were recently enforced or are in the process of being enforced, leaving companies in a range of industrial sectors no choice but to search for energy saving measures. As opposed to mid-to-long-term solutions as large scale CO2 conversion or using hydrogen as a fuel, energy saving measures by heat recovery processes (organic ranking cycle, Stirling engine, heat pumps, etc.) can be readily introduced. Moreover, these techniques are investigated in depth by world leading research groups in The Netherlands: a national research program on heat recovery techniques is a logical step. M2i is working together with TU Delft and TU Eindhoven to explore this opportunity.
For further questions, please contact M2i program manager Jan Dirk Kamminga, phone 06-2279 6102.

Sustainable Concrete
Concrete and its main ingredient cement are the most widely used man-made materials on Earth. They have a massive carbon footprint, because cement causes about 8% of the world’s CO2 emissions. Producing a ton of cement generates nearly a ton of CO2. Production of cement has increased more than thirtyfold since 1950 and almost fourfold since 1990. To achieve the requirements of the Paris Agreement on climate change annual emissions from cement need to reduce by at least 16% by 2030. Increasing the efficiency in the production of cement causes some reduction in the CO2 emission, but currently available measures are reaching their limits. The cement-making process will need to be adapted, and new low-carbon cements are needed. Novel circular concrete processes already allow a reduction of CO2 footprint by reusing the cement and other fractions from concrete waste into new concrete; these techniques need to be better characterized and modelled. Through a combination of carbon capture and storage, novel cements and Clinker (cement’s key constituent) substitution, less energy will be required for concrete production, and the CO2 emission can be reduced by more than 90%. M2i considers to set up a program together with the TU Delft, the TU Eindhoven and TNO to develop the required fundamental research on this topic.
For further questions, please contact Bert van Haastrecht, phone 06-5729 1390.